The Importance of Social Interaction for Seniors

a group of happy seniors walking in nature

The importance of social interaction, for older adults especially, is massive.

 

But before diving into the benefits of social interaction for seniors, let’s quickly look at a few detrimental outcomes that result from not being social.

 

Look at these terrible consequences that can result from being socially isolated:

 

  • Loneliness – the topic of loneliness deserves its own article altogether, but the main takeaway is loneliness is linked to cognitive and functional decline. A study from UC San Francisco found loneliness to be a risk factor for functional decline and also early deaths in seniors over age 60.
  • Depressiona study out of Amsterdam by Max L. Stek and team showed that people with perceived loneliness were likely to be affected by depression, which in old age had a greater impact on mortality
  • Less physical activity – you’re less likely to be physically active if you’re going at it alone without an accountability partner or group of people to motivate you. Not only that, but the TV is such an easy distraction (and bad habit) that keeps you sedentary.

 

the impact of watching too much

 

  • On average, TV watching for those 65 and up consumes 47 hours and 13 minutes of their time each week (Credit Donkey)
  • Many researchers suggest increased television viewing by older adults as a sign of disengagement from the world; others see it as an attempt to remain in touch (Media Lit)
  • Older adults watch more TV but enjoy it less than younger people (NCBI)

 

This list can of course go on and on, where lack of social interaction for seniors can lead to health-related ailments – like high blood pressure, or worse, a greater risk of death.

 

According to the National Institute on Aging:

 

“Positive indicators of social well-being may be associated with lower levels of interleukin-6 in otherwise healthy people. Interleukin-6 is an inflammatory factor implicated in age-related disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease, osteoporosis, rheumatoid arthritis, cardiovascular disease, and some forms of cancer.”

 

Let’s step away from the scare tactics and focus on the benefits of social interaction for seniors. Here’s why it’s important for us to be socially engaged and to focus on the concept of community (from the 5 Rings of Retirement), as you age:

 

Social interaction benefit #1: Improves mental health

When we’re socially engaged, we’re less likely to fall victim to mental illnesses, like depression.

 

According to the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC), social isolation is a key trigger for mental illness. On the contrary, you’re more likely to have better mental health if you have supportive relationships with friends, family and even neighbors.

How does your social interaction affect your mental health? Source: Giphy

 

Check out these key findings from the ESRC:

 

  • Adults who have no friends are psychologically the worst off.
  • It’s an internationally shared concept that friendships are important. A French study showed that people who didn’t maintain friendships but at least established relationships with their neighbors experienced a better quality of life than people who had no social exchange.
  • Volunteering, which involves social interaction, has a positive impact on the well-being of retirees.
  • For women, having a large family network doesn’t necessarily mean healthier well-being. Family can place more burden and obligations on women, which means friendships are more important for their well-being.
  • For men, family networks don’t seem to weigh as heavy burdens, and men with large family and friend networks have healthier well-being.

 

Social interaction benefit #2: Improves physical health

There are so many physical benefits to your health that come with being socially engaged. To name a few:

  • Lower blood pressure – a study by Fadia T. Shaya and the research team found that social networks help control hypertension. The research team learned from studying 248 African Americans that

“clustering of patients in social networks around hypertension education has a positive impact on the management of hypertension in minority populations and may help address cardiovascular health disparities.”

 

hypertension
How does your social network impact your hypertension? Source: Giphy

 

Also, we learned that heart health = brain health, and can help ward off forms of dementia. I listed out two major tips related to cardiovascular health and Alzheimer’s prevention.

  • According to the Novant Health Library, the benefits of being social among older adults include “potentially reduced risk for cardiovascular problems, some cancers, osteoporosis, and rheumatoid arthritis.” There was also a study conducted at the University of Rochester Medical Center that supported the idea that increased social engagement among seniors not only helped to lower blood pressure but also reduced the risk of cardiovascular issues and forms of arthritis.
  • Live longer – a 2001 study by Lennartsson and Silverstein found by studying 537 seniors in Sweden aged 77 and over, that people who partook in social-friendship and social-cultural activities are associated with reduced mortality.

 

Social interaction benefit #3. Improves brain health

We tend to have higher levels of cognitive function with increased social interaction.

 

A 2007 study conducted in California by Valerie C. Crooks and colleagues, followed 2,249 women and found that “older women who maintained large social networks reduced their risk of dementia and delayed or prevented cognitive impairment.”

 

The researchers also found that the size of the social network matters. Of these 2,249 Californian women, those with larger social networks were 26% less likely to develop dementia compared to the participants with smaller social circles.

brain changes due to social interaction
Social interaction can increase your brain connectivity. Are you at a social level that promotes the left or right version of brain activity? Source: Virginia


In another
study by Bryan James and colleagues out of the Rush Alzheimer’s Disease Center in Chicago, 1,138 seniors with dementia were measured for social activity levels and cognitive functioning over a 12-year period.

 

Here’s what James and his research team found out:

People with frequent social interaction had 70% less cognitive decline than people with low social interaction.

 

Social interaction benefit #4. Provides safety

Simply by being around others, you’ll be more likely to live safely. Not only can someone help you if you have a bad fall, but you can also lean on your community and circle of influence for a plethora of other non-ideal situations that may arise.  

 

Also, your living facility and home neighborhood matter when it comes to safety and social engagement. The more social you are with your neighbors and the people that live around your home, the safer you’ll feel, and, in turn, the more likely you’ll go on walks and get your exercise in.

 

There was a Neighborhood Perceptions study conducted in Detroit to find out how seniors perceive their neighborhoods as it relates to social engagement. By asking participants to rank questions related to safety and accessibility, they found that among the highest concern were the two topics:

 

  • There are plenty of safe places to walk to in my neighborhood
  • The people in my neighborhood aren’t the best people

 

The study found that there was the highest correlation between community engagement and neighborhood perception.

 

Social interaction benefit #5. Gives you access to personal care and assistance

Your community, whether paid assistance, family members or friends, can help you with your personal care. There are people that assist with mobility, errands and doctor’s appointments.

 

As we age our mobility decreases and our independence can decline, which means we need other people to rely on. This becomes increasingly more difficult if we disengage and withdraw away from social interaction.

 

Social interaction benefit #6. Helps with technology

This applies to all ages, but especially to seniors who struggle with a larger tech hurdle. We can learn shortcuts and easy how-to lessons from other people within our social circles. When it comes to technology, simply having people around you to show you the way can make such a big difference.  

 

Ask someone to walk you through the steps for an online video call – Skype, Facetime, Zoom or Google Hangouts… if you learn it once and practice a few times, the idea of an online video chat can seem way less daunting.

 

Not only that, but if you continue to practice it regularly, you’ll become that much more versed and comfortable with the interface and you’ll be engaging in more social interaction.

 

And that’s just one tech example. No matter where you are on the learning curve, there’s someone who can demonstrate how to handle a practical tech tip.

Who’s your Linda? Ask someone to help you with your tech issues. Source: Giphy

 

Whether it’s as basic as learning how to text, email, shop online, and video chat or as advanced as designing your own blog, launching your online business or learning how to program, these are all tools that can help you stay more connected.

 

Even the very act of learning how to keep up with technology can be a socially engaging activity.

 

Social interaction benefit #7. Improves your sense of purpose and belonging

Depending on how we prioritize our inner circle of influence, our sense of purpose and belonging can be greatly impacted by daily our social interaction. I like to remind people that their circle of influence can mean everything when it comes to living life aligned with your core values.

 

be choosy with who you let in your circle of influence

 

By surrounding yourself with people that align with your way of life, your goals, your intentional blueprint, you’ll not only be more likely to achieve the lifestyle you want, but you’ll also benefit from a tremendous sense of belonging and purpose.

 

Naturally falling in line with your ideal lifestyle, giving back and associating with the right community that matches your uniqueness will provide you with a sense of purpose.

 

Social interaction benefit #8. Increases your growth and learning

Growth and learning are two things that greatly contribute to your brain health and your sense of fulfillment… and they can also contribute to your level of social interaction. Take the opportunity to grow and learn within a community, a group or class setting, or with a friend.

 

Even if it’s learning how to embrace technology, talk to others about how to use it socially.

 

So as long as you don’t get trapped in the digital world, learn about new ways of being social. Source: Giphy

 

Per the circle of influence point above, if you align your growth and lifelong learning with the right people, you’ll reap that much more of the benefit.

 

Pro Tip: Don’t just learn for the sake of learning. It’s important to start with some major self-reflection. And dig deep to find clarity on what matters the most to you. This is the key to sticking with something and turning those interests and hobbies into activities that fulfill you.

 

Social interaction benefit #9. Encourages healthy behaviors

This one also falls in line with the circle of influence concept. When we’re surrounded by others with healthy habits, we’re more likely to practice those same healthy habits. Of course, the opposite can happen if we choose to be around people who don’t prioritize healthy behavior or if we’re alone.

 

The power of association is so strong.

 

If we’re around people who encourage wellness activities, regular check-ups and testing, we’re of course more likely to practice the same level of adherence. This is why it’s super important to associate with people who have lifestyles and behaviors that we admire and want to align with our own.

 

Stay socially engaged during retired life to be healthy, active and fulfilled

As we age, we become more at risk for loneliness. It becomes easier for social interaction to fall by the wayside.

 

Some hard truths about retired life, when it comes to being socially active, are:

 

  • Friends pass away
  • You become less active and less inclined to meet other people
  • You spend more years being stuck in your ways and habits
  • You are less open to a growth mindset

 

It’s no wonder so many older adults feel isolated, especially as they age into “senior” years. In the UC San Francisco study, out of 1,604 senior participants, 43% reported “they often felt left out or isolated or lacked companionship.”

 

That’s a big portion of seniors missing social interaction. 

 

In the study, researchers had the opportunity to dig deeper and followed up with participants six years later.

 

What did they find?

 

More than half of the “lonely seniors” had trouble with fundamental housekeeping and personal care tasks, and had a 45% greater risk of dying earlier than those who felt connected and kept up social interactions.

 

Yikes. Thankfully, it’s not all troubling news.

 

The good news?

 

Out of the four trends listed above, only one (sadly, the one tied to a grieving process – friends passing) is out of our control…

 

You can take social interaction into your own hands. You have the choice to take ownership over these three points:

 

  • You can decide to be more active and involved
  • You can decide to become unstuck and change your behaviors and experiences
  • You can decide to be more open-minded to new experiences

 

Leverage social interaction as a senior. What will you do to increase social interaction in your life?